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University of Southern Maine
Libraries & Learning

Systems Thinking & Science

Systems science is a way to look at all parts of the world in a way that is unifying and explanatory.

Introduction to Systems Thinking & Science

From Introduction to General Systems Thinking based on Warren Weaver’s 1948 article “Science and Complexity”

Systems are collections of interrelated things. These things could be mechanical controls, organizations, computers, ideas, processes, social roles, or anything else that can be seen to interact for a purpose or goal. Systems science studies these things and their interrelation in order to derive transdisciplinary insights and deep understanding, often leading to the root causes of problematic phenomena.

The systems thinking that systems science engenders differs from traditional scientific approaches as it provides a framework for studying wholes, instead of parts. Systems thinking is often understood in opposition to Enlightenment reductionist thinking, when, if fact, it should be understood as a complement to it.

Introductory Video (Complexity)

E-books on Systems Science

Books on System Science

Articles, Journals, & Databases


Systems Thinking in the Disciplines

[This will be updated. July 2018]
Public Health
Public Policy

Open Access

Modeling Software

Systems Science Organizations

System Dynamics in 14 minutes

Systems Theory Courseware

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